Sri Lanka Cultural Sites & Monuments Guide

Sri Lanka has a rich cultural heritage, with monuments and temples build through a combination of Buddhist and royal history. The location of its historical structures has been hugely influenced by its fight throughout history to remain a separate country, retreating and then defending successfully invasions and intrusions from India in particular.

Here is an Guide to some of the most important monuments and historic sites in Sri Lanka to help you choose where to travel. Aqua-Firma provides expert local guides and logistics for visiting all of these areas. For further information about each, please click on each image or where you read 'more'. You can also Contact Us with any questions and help in planning your perfect trip to this diverse island.

Anuradhapura: The Ancient City

Anuradhapura is one of the world's great ancient monuments; the capital and birthplace of the Sinhalese culture and one of the Southern Asia's longest continuously inhabited cultural and sacred centres. It was once set deep in jungle... more

Dambulla: The Cave Temple

Dambulla is most famous for its Cave Temple Complex, which is the largest and best preserved of its kind in Sri Lanka. There are more than 80 documented caves in the area, but there are five major caves which contain statues... more

Sigiriya: The Temple Fortress

Sigiriya, or Lion Rock, is a temple fortress carved literally from a solid piece of rock nearly 200m high. Lying in the north central region of Sri Lanka, this is perhaps the single most famous monument in Sri Lanka... more

Temple of the Tooth

The Temple of the Tooth Relic (Sri Dalada Maligawa) in Kandy is Sri Lanka's most important Buddhist religious monument - a symbolic, cultural centre of Sri Lankan independence and pride… more

  • Anuradhapura - Charlotte Caffrey
  • Polonnaruwa World Heritage Site
  • Dambulla Sacred Buddha Caves - Charlotte Caffrey
  • Carving in Temple - Charlotte Caffrey
  • Polonnaruwa World Heritage Site
  • Lankathilake Temple in Kandy

Anuradhapura: The Ancient City

Dambulla: The Cave Temple

Sigiriya: The Temple Fortress

Temple of the Tooth

 

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